William and Mary Ewing Bible
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Elizabeth Ewings Daughter of
William Ewings and mary his Wife
was Born febranary the 15 1787 [8, perhaps? written over by second 7]
Thomas Ewings Was Born July 30 1788
Jonathan EwingsWwas Born Agust the first
William Ewings Was Born April the 8 1792
James Ewings Was Born December the 9 1793
John Ewings Was Born september the 9 1795
Sarah Ewings Was Born May the 23 1797
Enoch Ewings Was Born July the 31 1799
Jacob Ewings Was Born August the 18 1802
Abram McNeel Ewings Was Born October the thirteenth
George Ewings Was Born Janawary the 21 1804
Andrew Ewings Was Born May the Forth 1809
A. E. Ewing
Attorney and Counselor
532 Michigan Trust Co. Bldg.
Grand Rapids, Michigan
This old bible belonged to William Ewing and his wife,
Mary McNeill Ewing who were married in Greenbrier Co. Va., in
1785. Marriage record is at Lewisburg,W.Va. William Ewing,
son of James,was born in Dec., 1756, and Mary McNeill was born
in Dec.,1770. William was twice her age at the time of mar-
riage. Their family record is herein written at the end of the
Old testament. By whomit was written is not now known, nor
where, but,quite likely,in Va. I do not believe the record was
penned by William Ewing himself as the name Ewing seems to be
uniformly spelled "Ewings". William and Mary produced their
family in Va.,at a point now called Buckeye, in Pocahontas
Co.W.Va. They moved to Gallia Co.O.,about 1810,and settled
at a point now known as Ewington. The old log house built
by them in 1812 was standing up to a few years,and may be yet.
William Ewing died about 1822 or 1823,and is buried at the
old cemetery some two miles (maybe less) out of Ewington.
Mary McNeill Ewing remained in Ohio until,about 1854,she de-
cided to accompany her youngest son,Andrew,to the west. She
was then 84 years of age,but could not be persuaded to remain
in Ohio where three or more of her sons and two daughters
lived. They travelled in a covered wagon and a special ladder
was constructed for Mary to get into and out of the wagon.
They went to Missouri,but at what point is not known. In 1858,
Andrew decided to move to Iowa. On the way,his mother died in
Mercer Co.,Mo.,at a place unknown and her grave is unmarked.
[in handwriting:] near Ravenna, Mo.
[resume typescript from this point:]
A few years ago,by general subscription,a marker to her memory
was placed on the lot beside William's tombstone near Ewington.
This bible doubtless came from Va.,to Ohio in 1810. It went
west with Mary. Her son preserved it. I located it about 1900
in the hands of one of Andrew's daughters* in No.Dakota. She
offered to exchange it for a new bible,and Dr. Gilbert A. Ewing,
of Jackson,Oh.,(son of George), and I together bought the new
bible whereupon this ancient one was turned over to us. Dr.
Ewing insisted that I keep possession of it. Since that time,
it has been at several Ewing Family reunions. It speaks for
itself that it has seen much use. I can discover nothing in
it to indicate its age, but it is safe to say that it was
printed prior to 1785 [handwritten addition:] in 1790
[resume typescript:],as I think it has been the old family
Bible since [handwritten addition:] soon after
[resume typescript:] the marriage of William and Mary.
[signed] A. E. Ewing
[handwritten:] (see middle of book)
[handwritten marginal note:] *Theresa Ewing Gilbert, Sious Falls, So.Dak.
I do not know who wrote this record, but I suspect it may have been
Gabriel McNeill, brother of Mary McNeill Ewing,as he was handy with the
pen. Evidently it was not all written at the same time,and two or more
persons may have had a hand at it. I note one "ear-mark" that goes all
the way through it and that is the spelling of the name Ewing with a
final S---Ewings. The Ewings did not write it that way. The following is
ELIZABETH EWINGS Daughter of William Ewings and Mary his Wife was Born
Febrauary the 15 1787.
THOMAS EWINGS Was Born July 30 1788
JONATHAN EWINGS Was Born Agust the first 1790
WILLIAM EWINGS Was Born April the 3 1792
JAMES EWINGS Was Born December the 9 1793
JOHN EWINGS Was Born September the 9,1795
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx SARAH EWINGS Was Born May the 23,1797
xxxxxxxxxxxxxx ENOCH EWINGS Was Born July the 31,1799
JACOB EWINGS Was Born August the 17,1802
ABRAM McNeel EWINGS Was Born October the thirteenth 1804
GEORGE EWINGS Was Born Janauary the 21 1807
ANDREW EWINGS Was Born May the forth 1809
[signed] A. E. Ewing
Alvin Enoch Ewing
347 Charles Ave.,S.E.,
THE OLD EWING FAMILY BIBLE
In order that the known facts concerning the old family bible of
William and Mary McNeill Ewing,of Virginia and Ohio,now in my possession,
may be preserved,I am moved to write the following sketch.
And,that this description may be better understood,I will say that
our first American Ewing ancestor was James Ewing who came over from the
north of Ireland probably about xxxxxx 1735. He married in Virginia,and
had three daughters and two sons. His second son was William Ewing,born
Dec. 24,1756,probably on Jackson River in what is now Bath County, Virgin-
Also that our first American McNeill ancestor was another Scotch-
man by the name of Thomas McNeill who also settled in Virginia,and his
birth year was about 1747. He married Mary Hughes Ireson,a widow,about
1768. They had four sons and two daughters. Xxx Their first daughter
was Mary McNeill,born in Virginia, December 25,1771.
William Ewing married Mary McNeill,November 17,1785,in old Green-
brier,now Pocahontas County,W.Va.
William and Mary McNeill Ewing had ten sons and two daughters, all
born in old Greenbrier,Virginia,but now Pocahontas Co.,W.Va.,on Swago
Creek. These children were Elizabeth (1787,Thomas (1788),Jonathan (1790),
William (1792),James (1793),John (1795),Sarah (1797),Enoch (1799),
Jacob (1802),Abram McNeel (1804),George (1807),and Andrew (1809).
The whole family migrated to Gallia Co.,O.,in xxx 1810.
William Ewing died in Gallia Co.O.died Oct.7, 1822. His wife and
All their children survived him. As children grew up,they married
and moved away.
The youngest of these children was Andrew Ewing,born in 1809.
He married Taphenia Holcomb,born in 1817. They had fourteen children,
but more than half of them died in infancy or youth.
In 1853,or 1854,Andrew Ewing set out in a covered wagon for Iowa,
with his wife,surviving children,and his mother Mary,then 83 or 84. It
is understood that Mary insisted upon accompanying her son Andrew, al-
though she required the use of a ladder in getting into and out of the
wagon. After a good deal of moving around,Mary died near Ravanna,Mercer
County,Mo.,sometime in 1858 when she was nearly 88 years of age.
One of Andrew's daughters was Theresa (or Thyrza) who was born in
Vinton Co.O.,Sept.28,1843. She was therefore 10 or 11 when the family
moved west. In about 1900,I located her at Sioux Falls,So.Dak.,and had
considerable correspondence with her. She sent me a pair of scissors
which had belonged to her grandmother and which she took along with her
on the western trip. I still have them. It was she who have us the in-
formation that she had possession of her grandmother's old bible. I
[Typescript – continued from Page 4]
was at that time in close correspondence touch with my father's
cousin,Dr.Gilbert A.Ewing, then of Jackson,Ohio. He was also a cousin
of said Mrs.Theresa Ewing Gilvert. This is a good place to say that
the venerable Mary McNeill Ewing lived to count eighty-four grand
children. Her son Andrew's children were naturally among the younger
of her many grand children.
We were at that time planning to hold a Ewing Family Reunion
at Ewington,Gallia Co.O.,and Dr.Ewing and I decided to ask Theresa
Gilbert to loan us the old boble for use on that occasion. She re-
plied that the old bible was too old and worn out to be of any use to
her,and that we might have it to keep if we would give her a new bible
in place of it. We accepted the offer,sent her a new one,and received
the old one. Since that time it has attended Ewing reunions in both
Ohio and Michigan. Dr.Ewing insisted that I keep possession of the old
book,and that is how I happen to be in possession of it.
The old book has doubtless been much used,and it has also been
badly cared for. It remained with Andrew Ewing and members of his fam-
ily forty-two years after Mary McNeill Ewing's death before it cane to
light again at its old home at Ewington,Ohio. It looks as if it may
have been played with by children. The wonder is that it was not long
ago thrown away. I suspect that Theresa Ewing Gilbert preserved it for
Apparently it was originally bound in leather.Both backs are en-
tirely missing,as are many front and back leaves. The pages are not
numbered. As it came to us, the first verse now visible is part of
verse 31 of Chap.IV of the Book of Numbers, and the last verse now vis-
ible is verse 6 of The Acts,Chapter XVIII. About one quarter of it
must be missing. What remains of it is in tact and very readable.
In size, the book,in its present condition, weighs 3 pounds and 12
ounces. It is 10¾ inches long,8¼ inches wide,and 2½ inches thick.
The corners of the leaves are all worn or rolled to a curve. The
leaves are brown,stained as if by water,and the leaves are hard to
The type is plain and the spelling is regular,but the small s is
made the old fashioned way so that it looks more like our f. The
word "pass" looks like "paff" and the word "wise" looks like "wife".
It contains eight full page wood-cuts or engravings,-David and
Bath Sheba, Esther and Ahasuerus, Daniel in the Lions Ded, The Wise
Men's Offerings,The Flight into Egypt, The Return out of Egypt, Christ
and the Woman of Samaria,and Conversion of St.Paul.
Explanatory footnotes are at the bottom of nearly every page,
particularly in the old testament.
It contains the Apocrypha. The arrangement of chapers [sic] and verses
seems to be regular.
The caption page at the beginning of the book is missing,but there
is another caption page at the beginning of the New Testament which
is very illuminating. It is as follows:
(Full page caption)
T H E N E W
T E S T A M E N T
Of Our Lord and Savior
J E S U S C H R I S T
Prefixed to the Different Books
And Moral and Theological
O B S E R V A T I O N S
At the End of Every Chapter.
C O M P O S E D B Y
The Reverend Mr.Ostervald,Professor of Divinity
And One of the Ministers of the Church
At Neufchatel in Swisserland
Translated at the Desire of,and Recommended by
THE SOCIETY FOR PROPOGATING
Printed by and for John Taylor
I must confess that while I have looked through the old bib;e
time and again,and while I have searched for a clue to date and place
of publication,I have never until today noticed the foregoing caption
leaf at the beginning of the New Testament. I am now able to state some
things with exactness; aslo,some things I have heretofore written in
letters and sketches will have to stand corrected hereby. Now we can
IT WAS EDITED BY Rev.Mr.Ostervald, a Swiss Minister.
IT WAS TRANSLATED under the auspices of The Society for Propogating
IT WAS PRINTED,I judge,at Berwick,England,an old Scotch town not
far from Edinburg.
IT WAS PRINTED BY AND FOR JOHN TAYLOR. My encyclopedia informs me
That John Taylor was a noted publshier and book-
seller of London in 1781,and that he died in 1864.
IT WAS PRINTED IN THE YEAR MDCCXC---------1790.
We can now state with a feeling of certainty that the book was printe
ed five years after the marriage of William Ewing and Mary McNeill in
1785. I have heretofore thought it might have been printed long before
I find nothing whatever to indicate at what time the book was ac-
quired by William and Mary Ewing.
It can be asserted with reasonable safety that they acquired it
before they left Virginia in 1810,and the period of acquisition is there-
fore limited to the twenty years between 1790 (date of publication) and
1810 (year of removal).
I venture to "guess" that they purchased the volume by 1795,and
perhaps from the first shipment to America of this John Taylor edition.
I venture another "guess"that they bought it from an early circuit preach-
er,or from a pioneer evangelist. I do not know how early a church was
established in the Swago Creek neighborhood, but it is reasonably certain
that the pioneer John McNeel had erected his "White Pole Church" at the
Little Levels,only six miles away,long before this bible was printed.
This dilapidated old volume is,therefore,now 149 years old.
And it has a travel record. It was shipped across the Atlantic and
found its way to the Ewing home in Greenbrier. In 1810,it took a wagon
trip to Gallia County,Ohio,three or four hundred miles away. In 1853-4,
it took another wagon ride from Gallia Co.O.,to Missouri ,450 miles. From
there to Iowa,100 miles. From there to North Dakota 350 miles. From there
to Michigan, by express, 800 miles. Michigan to Ohio in 1900 ,300 miles.
Nearly fifty years after the queen grandmother had climbed with her bible
Into Andrew Ewing's covered wagon,the old bible returned to its old home
In Gallia Co.O., to attend a reunion of Ewing descendants. It had probably
Covered over two thousand miles in its wanderings.
W R I T I N G S
The volume does not contain blank pages expressly for family records.
However, the last leaf of the Old Testament is blank on the back. The next
page is the commencement of the Apocraphy.
On this blank page is written the following:
"Elizabeth Ewings Daughter of William Ewings and Mary his Wife
was Born febrauary the 15, 1787.
Thomas Ewings Was Born July 30,1788
Jonathan Ewings Was Born xxx Agust the first,1790.
William Ewings Was Born April the 3 1792
James Ewings Was Born December the 9 1793
John Ewings Was Born September the 9 1795
Sarah Ewings Was Born May the 23 1797
Enoch Ewings Was Born July the 31, 1799
Jacob Ewings Was Born August the 17 1802
Abram McNeel Ewings Was Born October the thirteen,1804.
George Ewings was Born Janauary the 21 1807
Andrew Ewings Was Born May the forth 1809"
O B S E R V A T I O N S
Note the invariable spelling of the name Ewing as Ewings.
Note the invariable capitalization of the words "Was Born".
Note that only a few words were misspelled:
"febrauary" for Febuary. [handwritten:] – February
"Janauary" for January.
"Agust" for August,in one place only.
"forth" for fourth.
I conclude that all of the writing was done by one and the same
person. I also conclude that the writing was done at three distinct
My reasons for the first are the uniformity of style, capitaliza-
tion,and making of the numeral 8. The recorded commenced his figure 8
with a right curve and finished it with a left,just the reverse of the way
I was taught to make it.
My reasons for the second are that the first six names are of the
same shade of brown and very distinctly written. The next three were
written in a different ink,now so pale and dim as to be almost unreadable.
The last three are brown and readable,much clearer than the preceding
three,but not as good as the first six. Yet the writer's characteris-
tics are maintained throughout the entire list.
A POSSIBLE SOLUTION
I offer the following for what it is worth.
The first set of six names ends with John Ewing, born Sept.9, 1795.
The second set of three names commences with Sarah Ewing,born May
23,1797,and ends with Jacob Ewing,born August 17,1802.
The third set of three names commences with Abram McNeel Ewing, born
October 13,1804. Therefore,
1. The first set of six names was written subsequent to Sept.9,1795,
and prior to May 23,1797.
2. The second set of three names was written subsequent to xxxxxxxx
Aug.17, 1802,and prior to October 13,1804.
3. The third set of three names was written subsequent to May 4,1809.
In other words,the first writing was made after the birth of the
sixth child; the second writing was after the birth of the ninth child;
and the third writing was after the birth of the twelfth child.
This means that the bible was in the Ewing household prior to May
23,1797; also that the first and second writings were made prior to the
removal to Ohio in 1810; also that the third writing could have been made
in either Virginia or Ohio. I believe the third writing was made in Vir-
ginia after the birth of Andrew in 1809 and prior to removal to Ohio in
WHO DID THE WRITING?
William Ewing did not do it,as he would not have used the final s
on the name Ewing.
Gabriel McNeill,born Nov.3,1776,was a brother of Mary McNeill
Ewing,and nearly four years her junior. By 1797,he was a young man of
twenty-one. In some way or other,he had acquired a good education for
his time and place. He was farmer,doctor,preacher,surveyor,teacher and
justice of the peace. He was the handy man that people went to have
their deeds,wills and other papers written up. He moved over to Ohio
at just about the same time as did the Ewings and they lived near each
other. He died July 23,1848,just about five years before his sister Mary
went west with her son Andrew. It is my firm belief that Gabriel McNeill
wrote the birth record of the Ewing children,and that he did it in Vir-
ginia,although it is not impossible for him to have written the last
three names after removal to Ohio.
Just why he wrote the name Ewings,instead of Ewing,I do not know.
The name McNeal is sometimes written McNeel,McNeil,McNeill and McNiel.
I have a suspicion that he spelled his own name as McNeel,although his
own father was known as McNeal or McNeillx. Adding an s to Ewing would
be very easy---if not natural---for him to do. His own son William was
known as McNeal. I am unable, therefore, to say with the middle name of
Abram McNeel Ewing was given him by his mother in honor of her family
name, "McNeal", or xxx in honor of the John McNeel family of Little Lovels.
This sketch is as near a photograph of the old volume as I can
make without a camera.
It was born in Berwick,England, in 1790,and is now (1939) 149 years
Great grandmother Mary was 19 when the book was printed.
It was 9 years old when my grandfather Enoch was born.
It was 74 years old when I was born (74½ years ago).
No doubt Mary's 12 children have been taught from its pages.
William and Mary Ewing had enough family pride to have the birth-
dates of their twelve children written therein.
One of their 34 grandchildren was preserving what was left of the
old book 42 years after Mary died.
The book has served and outlived three complete generations. Not one
of the 84 grand children survives.
I know of eleven of their great xxxxx grand children, of the Enoch
Ewing line,still surviving. I doubt if there are that many more now
living of all the other lines. I know one that is now 86,another who
is 81,and all the rest are in the seventies. The xxx great grand child
generation will be extinct in another decade. But the great greats, the
great great greats,and the great great great greats are countless.
I wish they could all see---or even know about--- this venerable
I shall leave this sketch in the old bible at the family record
page for the benefit of any one who may hereafter have occasion to
reverently examine and consider this battle scarred old pioneer veteran
which guided the spiritual destinies of our noble ancestors.
Although I have had possession of the book for nearly thirty-nine
years,and have handled it and looked through it scores of time,this is
the first time I have ever given it a close,leaf-by-leaf examination,
and reduced my findings to full sketch form.
[signed] A. E. Ewing
Alvin Enoch Ewing (1864- ) son of
Henry McKendree Ewing (1841-1917) son of
Enoc Ewing (1799-1885) son of
)William Ewing (1756-1822
)Mary McNeill Ewing (1771-1858
[1½ cent stamp affixed]
On the blank back side of the last leaf of the Apocrypha , is
written in a somewhat flourishing hand
"Mark Bruffey was born February the 12,1791" (or 1794)
I have no knowledge of the person,nor of who made the entry,but
is not written by the same person who wrote the Ewing record.
On the blank back side of the caption leaf to the New Testament
is what evidently purports to be a partial family record of Andrew Ewing.
I suspect the writing was done before Andrew went west,but it was not
written by the same hand that wrote the Ewing record.
Part of it I know to be erroneous.
This is the way it reads:
"William Was born December the 25th, 1755 (incorrect)
Mary Ewing was born December the 25th,1767. (incorrect)
Andrew Ewing was born May the 4th,1809.
Taphena Ewing was born June the 9th,1817.
Mary Ewing was born December 10th 1840.
Rebecca Ewing was born February the 5th,1842
Thirzy Ewing was born September the 28 1843
Sary Loisa Ewing was born January the 2nd, 1845."
The first two names are for William Ewing and Mary McNeill Ewing
the parents of Andrew,the third one named,and Andrew and Taphona are the
parents of the four names following theirs.
William Ewing was born December 24,1756.
Mary McNeill Ewing was born December 25,1771.
The rest of the entries may be correct, so as I know.
Since Andrew and Taphena had a total of fourteen children,and
only four of them are here recorded, the presumption is that this writing
was made subsequent to Jan.2,1845,and prior to the birth of the next
child. If this be true, the writing was done in Ohio,probably serveral
years before the old book started on its western trip,and the record
was neither kept up nor completed.
Thomas McNeill and Mary Hughes (Ireson) were,according to the
McNeill Family Historian,married in 1768. Their first-born was Jonathan,
born Nov.29,1770, and the second-born was Mary,born Dec.25,1771. She mar-
ried William Ewing Nov.16,1785,at the age of 13 years,10 months, and 21
days. When I was yet a boy at home my grandfather Enoch Ewing used to
say that his mother married at 14, and that his father was twice her age
at the time. These dates verify his old time statement.
Mark Bruffey was born February the 12 1791
William Was born
December the 25th 1755
Mary Ewing was born December
The 25th 1767
Andrew Ewing was born May the 4th
Taphena Ewing was born June the 9th
Mary Ewing was born December 10th 1840
Rebecca Ewing was born February the 5th 1842
Thirzy Ewing was born September the 28th 1843
Sary [ink blot] Sary Loisa Ewing was born
January the 2nd 1845