Native Americans in the Federal Decennial Census 1790-1930

The National Archives describes the instructions given to enumerators concerning American Indians in the Federal census for each of the decennial censuses.
American Indians in the Federal Decennial Census 1790-1930

All of the Federal Census records are available on microfilm at The Genealogy Center
Federal Census Records
1900 Federal Census Indian Population Schedule
1910 Federal Census Indian Population Schedule

Federal census records are searchable online
Ancestry.com
Heritage Quest
Fold3


Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940

The National Archives describes the Indian Census rolls
American Indian Census

The Indian Census Rolls microfilm collection is available at The Genealogy Center. These records are searchable by tribe.
Indian Census
Indian Census (various reservations)

Microfilm roll numbers can be searched online at Internet Archive The actual images are viewable and can be downloaded.

An online INDEX to microfilm roll numbers by tribes is available at Access Genealogy

A printed INDEX to microfilm roll numbers by tribe is available in The Source, A Guidebook to American Genealogy, p. 821-32, located at The Genealogy Center reference desk.

Search by name at Ancestry.com Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940


Five Civilized Tribes

The Five Civilized Tribes include Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek (Muscogee), and Seminole. Along with census rolls, removal and annuity rolls were created throughout their history and act as census rolls for the tribes. Many of these rolls are available at The Genealogy Center.
Census of Creek Indians, 1832

Census Roll of Cherokee Indians East of the Mississippi 1835

Enrollment of Eastern Cherokee by Guion Miller 1908-1910

Enrollment Cards of the Five Civilized Tribes 1896-1914

Applications of Enrollment of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes 1898-1914

Final Rolls of Citizens & Freedman of the Five Civilized Tribes in the Indian Territory (Dawes Rolls)

Old Settler Cherokee Census 1895-1896

1900 Federal Census Indian Territory Census


Other Census Records Available at The Genealogy Center

Applications for Enrollment & Adoption of Washington Indians 1910-1919

Enrollment of Indians on the Flathead Reservation 1903-1908

Miami Indians 1881 Census List

Miami Indians 1895 Annuity Payment Roll


More Census Records

Access Genealogy

Ancestry.com Indian Census Records

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